City of Manteca Public Works Department

Engineering

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Last Modified 6/25/2013

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Glossary of Stormwater Terms

Best Management Practices (BMPs):

BMPs include treatment facilities such as vegetated strips and detention basins, as well as policies and procedures that include the proper handling, storage, and disposal of toxic materials to prevent stormwater pollution.

Catch basin:

Curbside opening that collects rainwater from streets and serves as an entry point to the storm drain system.

First flush:

The first big rain after an extended dry period (usually summer), which flushes out the accumulated pollutants in the storm drain system and carries them straight to the creeks and rivers.

Flood control channel:

The open portion of the storm drain system

Gutter:

The edge of a street (below the curb) designed to drain stormwater runoff from streets, driveways, parking lots, etc., into storm drain inlets.

Household hazardous waste:

Common everyday products that people use in and around their homes (including paint, paint thinner, herbicides, and pesticides) that, due to their chemical nature, can be hazardous if not properly disposed of.

 

Illegal discharge:

The release or placement of any material into the City of Manteca stormwater conveyance system which is not authorized by the City.

 

Illicit connection:

Any connection to the storm drain system that is not permitted, or any legitimate connection that is used for illegal discharge.

 

Non-point source pollution:

Pollution that does not come from a single, identifiable source. Includes materials that wash from roofs, streets, yards, driveways, sidewalks and other land areas - this is the largest contributor of stormwater pollution.

 

Outfall:

A flow of water from one drainage system into a larger system, or into a body of water like a creek, river or lake.

 

Point source pollution:

Pollution from a single identifiable source, such as a factory or construction site. Most of this pollution is highly regulated at the state and local levels.

 

Source control:

Action to prevent pollution where it originates.

 

Storm drain system:

A network of underground pipes and open channels designed for flood control, which discharges straight to creeks and rivers.

 

Stormwater:

Rainwater that enters the storm drain system and empties into rivers, lakes and streams.

 

Stormwater pollution:

Water from rain, irrigation, garden hoses, or other activities that picks up pollutants (cigarette butts, trash, automotive fluids, used oil, paint, fertilizers and pesticides, lawn and garden clippings and pet waste) from streets, parking lots, driveways and yards and carries them through the storm drain system and straight to local creeks and rivers.

 

Watershed:

An area of land that drains water or runoff to a single point.